Northern Alaska Shipwrecks ( O )

OHIO (1888)     The 195 ton 93 foot wooden bark Ohio was driven ashore and lost near Point Hope at 9 p.m. October 3, 1888.  Only eight of the 33 crewmen survived.  They were rescued eight months later.  The vessel departed San Francisco November of 1887 for the Arctic Ocean.  Her cargo at the time of the disaster was 50 tons of provisions, bone and oil worth $11,000.  The Ohio was valued at $10,000.  Both the vessel and her cargo were lost.  The wreck was attributed to a thick snowstorm and heavy gale.

                Mapping and Location : Northern Alaska  68 20 20 N 166 50 40 W  Chart 16005

                Comment : I have charted this wreck at Pt Hope as the wreck report states. The Revenue Cutter Service records 1868-88 mention it near Cape Lisburne to the north.  WG

                Additional Information : Tonnage 195, Length 92.6, Breadth 24, Depth 14.9, Built 1830 at Baltimore MD, Registered New Bedford MA, ON 18980, Master George E Allen of New Bedford, Owner Gilbert Allen of New Bedford, Vessel Insurance $14,000

                Source : U S Customs Wreck Report August 13, 1889 by Gilbert Allen


OLIVER CROCKER (1871)     The 305 ton wooden whaling bark Oliver Crocker was abandoned in the ice around Point Belcher September 14, 1871.  Home Port for the vessel was New Bedford, Massachusetts.  She was valued at $48,000 at the time of the disaster.

                Mapping and Location : Northern Alaska  70 47 40 N 159 39 02 W  Chart 16003

                Source: Destruction of the Arctic Whaling Fleet, 1871 (1876)


ONWARD (1876)     The 339 ton wooden bark Onward was abandoned in the ice northeast of Point Barrow September 12, 1876.  The vessel was in the whaling trade out of New Bedford, Massachusetts captained by Ezra B  Lapham.  She was carrying 1,400 barrels of whale oil and 14,000 lbs. of whale bone worth $67,000 at the time of the disaster.  The Onward was valued at $40,000.

                Mapping and Location : Northern Alaska  71 23 29 N 156 28 30 W  Chart 16003

                Sources : 1. Alaska File of the Revenue Cutter Service 1867-1914 Microcopy (1966), 2. The Northern Mariner Ninteenth Century Commercial Shipping Losses (2006) Pg 63, 3. Destruction of the Arctic Whaling Fleet (1876)


ORCA (1897)     The 628 ton three masted steam whaling bark Orca was crushed by ice and lost at the Sea Horse Islands off Point Franklin September 21, 1897.  The crew was rescued by the Belvedere and later walked 100 miles to Point Barrow to overwinter.  The Orca had departed San Francisco March 30, 1897 for whaling in the Arctic.  She was valued at $100,000 with cargo at the time of her loss.  The cargo of whale oil, bone and supplies was salvaged.

                Mapping and Location : Northern Alaska  70 53 N 158 42 W  Chart 16003

                Source : Shipwrecks of the Alaskan Shelf and Shore (1992)

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